Energy labelling: what changes for the consumer
What are the EU regulations on ErP (“Energy Related Products”)
In 2015 the European Union issued four basic regulations for heating devices (ErP regulations), which include boilers, pellet and wood stoves and fireplaces.
The goal of these regulations was to introduce on the European market only “latest generation” products, mandatorily provided with a specific energy information label (Energy Labelling) with the relative energy class.
For biomass products, the ErP Regulations will come into force in the 28 EU Member States and in all EES (European Economic Space) countries on the following dates:
- for biomass boilers the labelling obligation came into force on 1 April 2017 (EU Regulation 2015/1187);
- for domestic biomass appliances, therefore pellet and wood-burning stoves and fireplaces, the labelling obligation will start on 1 January 2018 (EU Regulation 2015/1186).
How to read the Energy Labelling for air stoves and fireplaces
From 1 January 2018, all stoves and fireplaces on sale must have an energy label, similar to the one associated with large appliances for years now.
The following information will be provided for air stoves and fireplaces:
- the supplier’s name and trademark
- the supplier’s model identification details
- the device’s energy class, on a scale from G to A++
- the direct heat output of the device, that is its nominal output power, expressed in kW.
How to read the Energy Labelling for hydro stoves and hydro fireplaces
The energy label for hydro stoves and fireplaces must include the same information as the air ones, plus the indirect thermal power, that is the power released by the device to the system’s water.